This post is scheduled to be published in the future.
It should not be displayed by the theme.
building CUNY Communities since 2009
This post is scheduled to be published in the future.
It should not be displayed by the theme.
The LACUNY Scholarly Communications Round Table and METRO’s OPEN SIG present an opportunity to hear from leaders of the Latin American OA movement about what’s happening in Iberoamerica and their view on global OA.
Dr. Dominique Babini & Dr. Arianna Becerril will talk about the new partnership between between CLACSO and Redalyc.org (www.clacso.redalyc.org) to further efforts to bring Latin American open access resources together. CLACSO-REDALYC provides APC-free OA social science journals from Iberoamerican countries with a platform for visibility, open access, indexing and indicators for authors, institutions, and countries. The platform already has 793 peer-reviewed journals with 294,437 articles in open access.
Our speakers will be participating remotely via webinar. We’ve arranged an in-person viewing at METRO and we hope you’ll join us there! If you wish to join via webinar, there are limited ”seats” so be sure to register in advance, and please check with colleagues in your organization to arrange participating together.
Open Access in Latin America & the Case of CLACSO-REDALYC
Tuesday, May 31, 2016
4 p.m. – 6 p.m.
Event Description and registration: http://metro.org/events/753/
Dominique Babini (Argentina) is coordinator of open access scholarly communications projects, research and advocacy at CLACSO, a network of 432 research institutions in 26 countries, mainly in Latin America. Open access scholarly communications researcher at the University of Buenos Aires. Latin America contributor at UNESCO´s Global Open Access Portal, and member of the Experts Committee of the Argentine National System of Digital Repositories; Doctorate in political science and postgraduate in information science.
Arianna Becerril is co-founder and director of technology and innovation at Redalyc. She is also a PhD candidate in Computer Science at the Tecnologico de Monterrey in Mexico, and a professor and researcher on the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences at the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, where her research addresses bibliometrics, design and development of metadata repositories, open access and interoperability standards. Becerril is a member of the International Advisory Board of the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and co-founder of Red Mexicana de Repositorios Institucionales (REMERI).
This is the first event in the Global Open Access Webinar Series jointly sponsored by METROs OPEN SIG and LACUNY Scholarly Communications Round Table.
Course Planning Consultations
Need help constructing a syllabus? Crafting an assignment? Selecting and staging readings? Setting up a course blog or website?
The Teaching and Learning Center is here to help. Beginning immediately, individual course planning consultations are available with TLC staff. We are happy to meet with GC students who are teaching over the summer or fall. These meetings can take place in person, over the phone, or via web conference.
To request a consultation, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. We’ll connect you with a TLC staff member to arrange your consultation.
Course Preparation and Course Tweaking Workshops
TLC staff will host four drop-in workshops before and just after the start of the fall 2016 semester. The first three are intended to help GC students put finishing touches on their courses before the semester. The fourth is intended to help those who find, after the first week of classes, that they need to reconfigure elements of their course.
Join us in room 9204 of the Grad Center on the following dates:
• Friday, 8/19, 10:00am-2:00pm
• Friday, 9/2 1:00pm-5:00pm
Stay tuned for news about the TLC’s slate of workshops for the 2016-17 academic year.
Join us in the Martin E. Segal Theatre Thursday, May 26th at 4:00pm for Between Neighborhoods – a public viewing followed by a public forum discussion.
This panel brings together scholars, critics, and activists to discuss these issues as explored in the audiovisual installation Between Neighborhoods by audiovisual historian-filmmaker Seth Fein (Seven Local Film). The multimedia work examines the forces that constructed the Unisphere, Robert Moses’s iconic monument to 1960s globalization from above in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, and the forces of globalization from below that redefine it in Queens today. Freddy Castiblanco (Terraza 7), Amy Chazkel (CUNY), Peter L’Official (Bard), Mary Louise Pratt (NYU), and Laura Wexler (Yale) join the artist for a public conversation.
Share or invite friends via the Facebook event here.
All are welcome, so please forward to your friends, lists, departments, and groups. We look forward to seeing you!
Huge congratulations to our graduating NY Union Semester students of spring 2016! We are so pleased that so many of our students had life-changing experiences this semester. This semester, our students hung out with union presidents, organized for a potentially devastating Supreme Court case, talked to roadpavers about their rights at work, used popular education to train union leaders, helped facilitate a strike authorization vote, handled grievances for low-wage workers — and more.
For our final celebration on May 20, 2016 we heard a wonderful speech from student Andrew Brockwell (PSC-CUNY intern) and were treated to a singalong of “Union Maid” from Claire Edwards (1199 SEIU intern). We cannot wait to see you all in the movement going forward!
You could find Union Semester students talking to pedi-cab drivers, wearing a hard hat in Queens, coordinating community organizing efforts out of schools, building a plan to bring sustainable development to their home borough of the Bronx, memorializing Triangle Shirtwaist victims and playing pick-up basketball games.
Extra congratulations to our folks who have been offered union and community organizing work and internships already. You earned it!
The Saul Kripke Center is delighted to welcome Eduardo Barrio, professor of logic at the University of Buenos Aires. Eduardo joins us as a research scholar to work on Kripke’s theory of truth.
By G. G. |
I am not an avid traveler by any means, my expeditions have been limited to adventures in movies, books and poetry. Frank O’Hara’s works are known for their diary-like quality and through them you can explore New York. When I got on the train with my friend one Saturday our destination was 441 East 9th Street, the building where Frank O’Hara lived. Walking past all the stores, buildings, and restaurants the busy and bustling atmosphere of New York gave us energy. We were eager to see where he lived once but as we approached the street, the area was noticeably more run down that the streets before it. It was quieter too and as we approached the white building we saw the plaque. The store that used to be there was closed now. “For Rent” signs and New York property signs flanked the plaque. I was disappointed, having expected more after having seen a video on YouTube, we moved closer to read the plaque.
I’ll explain what the plaque doesn’t say. Frank O’Hara was born as born Francis Russell O’Hara in Baltimore, Maryland. His original passion was the piano but in college he eventually changed his major from music to writing and he published work in the Harvard Advocate and met V. R. “Bunny” Lang and John Ashbery. In New York he met many artists much of them part of the abstract expressionism movement. Arguably one of O’Hara’s most famous arts friend was none other than Jackson Pollock. He, John Ashbery and Kenneth Koch became part of the avant-garde art scene. He died on July 24, 1966 in an accident on Fire Island, New York. He was run over by a dune buggy driven by a young man apparently on a date. He survived two days in the hospital before dying. After his death there were still more of his poems that where published like The Collected Poems of Frank O’Hara, The Selected Poems of Frank O’Hara, and Poems Retrieved: 1950-1966.
The plaque, unveiled on June 10, 2014, offers a small and simple summary of Frank O’Hara’s place as an American poet. O’Hara lived at 331 East Ninth Street from 1926 to 1963. One of his most famous works is actually a collection of poems, Lunch Poems. I was commissioned by Lawrence Monsanto Ferlinghetti, the same man who published Allen Ginsberg’s Howl and owner of the bookstore City Lights in San Fran, in 1959. The collection was actually published in 1964—O’Hara no longer living in the building where his plaque is—but most of his writing of course was done before then going back to 1953.
O’Hara’s poems are commonly described as diary-like because many of them have heavy descriptions of everyday sights and people of New York city. There’s landscapes, people he knew personally and did not, jazz, social events, phone calls and more in his works. He was known for writing his poems quickly; once when he arrived to read a poem at an event he told everyone he’d just written the poem he read on the ferry ride over. In fact the sort of joke of the poems is that most of them were written during his lunch break from work. In fact, one of the poems actually ends with the narrator walking back to work! The poems “A Step Away From Them,” “The Day Lady Died,” and “Personal Poem” are examples of poems that actually mention a lunch break. “A Step Away From Them” starts with “It’s my lunch hour, so I go for a walk” (O’Hara). Most of his poems give off a feeling of “laid backness”—that seems to be the best way to describe it, and speed. The events come at you rapid fire; it does not matter what just happened because there is another event coming, somewhere else to go, something else to do. It feels like life in New York, or maybe in general, sometimes it feels like there is no time to dwell on anything. In his poem “A Step away from Them”( my favorite) the transitions from getting a hamburger and seeing a woman with a poodle are just as fast as the transitions of thoughts on his deceased friends to posters and magazines on the buildings. Not even what you would expect to slow someone down matters, although in “The Day Lady Died” there is finally a momentary pause “everyone and I stopped breathing” (O’Hara) but it is at the end of the poem. This is not an accident of course O’Hara’s goal was to try to recreate in his poetry this sense of immediacy of life that I am trying to describe. O’Hara felt that poetry should be “between two persons instead of two pages” (O’Hara)
I am not the most interested in poetry. I lack the needed imagination and introspective ability to understand most poetry I have encountered in life, I suppose. Or maybe I never found the time I needed to spend on this introspection worth it, either way, I connected with Frank O’Hara’s poems instantly. Many of his poems have humor, something I love, and they are easy to understand. These poems make learning about O’Hara interesting; a mention of a famous poet in another poem could mean nothing but in O’Hara’s poems the people mentioned are usually a part of his life in some way. They feel more personal to me and I love reading them. I am glad he has a plaque on his old building because although I was at first disappointed with the street and the building it was attached to I realized it fit well. O’Hara is not the most famous poet; he isn’t the flashiest or the most prestigious either. His work reflected life in New York, his life mostly, but in a real way. What’s more real than a not so special looking building on a regular not so sparkly looking street an in New York City? It is not something I would recommend people go out of their way to find, there is not much to see, and the streets surrounding this one are much more interesting. That said if someone happens to be around the neighborhood and happens to be fan of O’Hara’s work there is certainly no harm in stopping by. Come down, take a selfie with his plaque, maybe get “a glass of papaya juice and back to work.”
Epstein, Andrew. “New Frank O’Hara Plaque Unveiled in New York”. 2 July 2014. Web.15 May 2016
Gooch, Brad. City Poet: The Life and Times of Frank O’Hara. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1993. Web. 15 May 2016.
Milstead, Claudia. American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 199. Web. 16 May 2016
Myers, Jack. Wojahn David. A Profile of Twentieth-Century American Poetry.Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991. Web 16 May 2016
O’Hara, Frank. “A Step Away from Them”. Lunch Poems. Web. 15 May 2016
Frank O’Hara. “Personism: A Manifesto,” Yugen #7, 1961
http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems-and-poets/poets/detail/frank-ohara Web. 15 May 2016
By A. R. |
“Misery is when you heard on the radio the neighborhood you live in is a slum, but you always thought it was a home”
– Langston Hughes
Imagine living in New York for all of your twenty-two years of life, and finally taking the big step of visiting the home of one of our historic legends, Langston Hughes. Well now you can imagine how fascinated I’ve become over the last forty-eight hours.
Langston Hughes’ historic former brownstone is located in east Harlem 127th street along with several other similar row houses. Almost every house on the block looks similar to one another, which makes it difficult to distinguish Hughes’ house from the rest. As I drove through the block it intrigued me t how difficult it was for me to locate the address. The only feature it has that distinguishes it from the rest is Langston Hughes’ name printed “Hughes House” in medium green letters at the top of the door. The outside of the house is ragged, and most of the architectural features seem to have deteriorated. One of the doorknobs is missing, and chips of paint had fallen from the door revealing the wood and metal material underneath. Also half of the banister was gone, and the half that remained was covered in rust. As I witnessed the once historic home covered in dead vines or maybe ivy, I became disappointed that Mr. Hughes’ most precious property did not represent his name or his story.
Langston Hughes’ brownstone in Harlem is located in the center of Harlem at, 20 East 127th street 10053. This ancient twenty feet wide, forty-five foot deep brownstone is three stories high above a basement; “Built in 1869, the house was designed in the Italianate style by architect Alexander Wilson, typical of row houses built in Harlem during the period shortly after the Civil War” (www.nps.gov). Like many other brownstones in Harlem in the forties, several neighbors stated, “The average price for a home was about $13,000 in the 1940’s.”
Hughes was born in Joplin Missouri in 1902 and was raised by his grandmother, shortly after high school he moved to New York City. Langston Hughes joined the Harlem Renaissance, which was a literary movement in New York that celebrated Africa American life and culture. Through his work with the Harlem Renaissance encouraged equality, and criticized prejudice. Langston Hughes occupied the last twenty years of his life in his east Harlem home, and wrote a great amount of his poetry there. One of Hughes’ most famous poems was, “The Ballad of Booker T” which defended African American activist Booker T Washington. Throughout the poem Hughes does not fail to mention Washington’s growth from a slave to an advocate. Shortly after he describes Washington’s compromise as a strategy to move African Americans from the bottom to the top. “Washington, a former slave and more conservative advocate for equality. Rather than criticize him, the poet focused on Washington’s strategy to gain racial equality” (www.americaslibrary.gov).
Both Booker T Washington and Langston Hughes’ work left a major imprint on African Americans. Think about it Booker T Washington dominated the American cultural life in the 19th century, and later Langston Hughes’ came along and still has his name shining through the Harlem Renaissance. Washington’s compromise allowed people to realize the black culture never wanted the easy way out nor anything handed to them, they just wanted a start and an opportunity. Later Langston Hughes’ participation in the Harlem Renaissance, his work, and his actual brownstone being in the center of Harlem proved that the culture was a work in progress.
In Booker T Washington’s speech “The Atlanta Exposition Address” he stated “The wisest among my race understand that the agitation of questions of social equality is the extremest folly, and that progress in the enjoyment of all the privileges that will come to us must be the result of severe and constant struggle rather than of artificial forcing. No race that has anything to contribute to the markets of the world is long in any degree ostracized. It is important and right that all privileges of the law be ours, but it is vastly more important that we be prepared for the exercise of these privileges. The opportunity to earn a dollar in a factory just now is worth infinitely more than the opportunity to spend a dollar in an opera-house” (Washington 1632). Washington’s speech created an enormous controversy in the 1800’s and 1900’s causing mainly many African Americans to believe that Washington did not support his race nor, culture appropriately.
In Langston Hughes poem, “The Ballad of Booker T” he explained the main focus of Booker T. Washington’s speech, and brought clarity to the entire African American nation. Through his poem Hughes explained that Washington may not have been as blunt as present-day minorities wanted him to be, but during the time of the speech there would have never been any such thing as an “all or nothing deal.” This explains why Booker T. Washington pointed out the idea of compromising, he wanted African Americans to be seen from a perspective they may have never been, and in order for him to do this he had to be willing to compromise. Hughes allowed us to realize through his poem the amount of chaos Washington would have caused, if he approached the audience with the statement “WE ARE EQUAL, FREE US ALL.”
In Langston Hughes’ poem “ The Ballad of Booker T” he stated,
He started out
In a simple way
Was not today.
Sometimes he had
Compromise in his talk
For a man must crawl
Before he can walk”
Here we witness Hughes justifying Booker T Washington’s compromise. Through his poem Langston Hughes declare that the time of the Harlem Renaissance period, was very different from the time when Washington was fighting his battles. In Washington’s speech he forces us to realize that in 1895 African Americans needed to build a foundation in order to grow; “it is important and right that all privileges of the law be ours, but it is vastly more important that we be prepared for the exercise of these privileges” ( Washington 1633).
The idea of Langston Hughes’ Brownstone being in the center of Harlem allows us to realize, that leaders like Langston Hughes and Booker T. Washington paved the way for many African Americans, and also equality for all. Think about it look at “old” Harlem versus present day Harlem. In the late forties Harlem was considered an unsafe neighborhood, and the expense of living was affordable versus today. Now in 2016 it is almost impossible for a working class New Yorker to live in a Brownstone in Harlem. During the 1940’s the African American culture dominated Harlem, with no realization that many years later it would be such a historic place in New York City. Harlem was once reported to have been the “slums” of New York City, and it amazing to see how the reinforcement that Hughes and Washington placed on the African American culture has turned the “slums” into a luxurious cultured home for many other cultures. I can only image how proud both Langston Hughes and Booker T Washington would be about the development of Harlem, African Americans, and the African American culture; yet it puzzles me how devastated they would be at the idea of these people being moved out due expenses. You see their fight will always be an on going battle, which makes it clear why Hughes decided to defend Washington years later in his compromise.
Baym, Nina. “The Atlanta Exposition Address.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature. New York: W.W. Norton, 2008. 1628-638. Print.
“Langston Hughes, Man of the People.” Langston Hughes, Man of the People. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 May 2016.
United States. National Park Service. “Celebrate African American History Month 2005–A National Register of Historic Places Feature.” National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. Web. 09 May 2016.
By A. D. |
When I first arrived to Sylvia’s Restaurant in Harlem, New York there were many things that came to mind when I first arrived. The smell of all the fresh dishes arriving at the table and people singing along to the music assured me that this was going to be a great visit. I also noticed the ambiance of the African American culture with a hint of jazz throughout the whole building. There wasn’t a single staff member in the building that wasn’t smiling and customers in the building were of all different backgrounds, which showed me that Sylvia’s was definitely known for some exceptional soul food.
The deceased owner Mrs. Sylvia Woods established Sylvia’s restaurant in 1962 along with her husband, Herbert Woods. There were many other things to take in from arriving to the restaurant starting with its decor. The appearance of the restaurant on the inside and on the outside represented a sense of soul, heritage, and life all in one. It is more than clear that Mrs. Woods has shown people all over the world who come in to visit that this is more than just a restaurant but it is a home. The different pictures of famous people who ate there are also aligned throughout the restaurant including the President of the United States, Barack Obama, Al Sharpton, and even Diana Ross. The restaurant also has a rich feel of comfort and the smell of the fresh cornbread being delivered to each table as a starter is just one of the best ways to describe how the business flows in Sylvia’s. One thing I loved most about the restaurant was the color of purple. Which is in fact very interesting especially since the color purple represents creativity and dignity. They were also playing lively music as you approached the actual site as well as inside the restaurant. The workers stated it was Sylvia’s all time favorite color and she couldn’t have it any other way. The restaurant’s overall appearance on the African American culture was definitely noted in the room.
In the book Food and Culture in Contemporary American Fiction by Lorna Piatti-Farnell in Chapter 3 titled Race and History Farnell touches upon food and culture and how it ties in with African American lifestyles that has carried on from history to history. Farnell states, “Emphasizing a strong past lineage, the newly-labeled ‘soul food’ brought with it the ability to construct emblematic connections between African Americans”, which breaks down as once the terms soul food came into play not only did it immediately represent African Americans but it also symbolized great things of African American culture and the foods that we all grew up on from some of our great grandparents to our parents today. When using the word soul food you can easily break it down knowing that soul comes from deep within as well as meaning soothing which if you are pairing it up with food shows that these meals that African Americans came up with were very much sentimental. Farnell also states that the connection of food especially within soul food has with African Americans is very strong in terms of identifying and acknowledging where it comes from and what it is promised to African Americans today and even back then. Knowing and understanding the cultural aspect of soul food in Farnell stated as, “Fried chicken, barbequed ribs, pork chops, fried fish, collard greens, candied sweet potatoes, potato salad and cornbread” are all at the root of what soul food is in many forms and dishes. Another thing of Farnell is that she states it is also how sugar and slavery also went hand in hand in creating soul food. As the slaves were being introduced to these ingredients and having to cook for their masters is what help them learn and also create recipes and meals that evolved today in the food culture. This explained where soul food culture came from, what it taught us as African American to think, understand on how to humble over selves through it, and make us more knowledgeable to our history.
A bit of background of this site is that growing up Mrs. Woods always wanted to make and own something of her own but it wasn’t a restaurant as first choice. With her and her husband Mr. Woods they started out with little to no money in the 1900’s. One thing noted of Mrs. Woods is that she was very hard working since day one and always kept busy (she was even considered a craftswoman). When the day came for Mrs. Woods to open up a restaurant she and her husband jumped to the opportunity and never could have imagined that they would make history like this. Another astonishing fact about the background of this restaurant is that it was never opened to only serve people but it was opened to show authentic soul food and also share memories of what it is that many African Americans grew up on during slavery times or even suffered for us all to be here today with enjoyment and how important it is to African Americans to embrace their culture; like all or many cultures food is the primary way of understanding or explaining a culture to anyone. One of the ways Mrs. Woods has shaped African American culture within her restaurant is she has opened the gates of how bringing good food and people together can create good behavior within the youth, consistency within people keeping a positive attitude, and showing the world that there are famous people who grew up and grew out of this restaurant galore.
One of the most key moments about this site is that while visiting even though soul food is widely known for African American culture there were still so many tourist, and other races coming in to experience the ambiance and taste of the restaurant. The idea of the text is that African Americans are able to define themselves through soul food as said by Farnell. Even though the traditional dishes stated earlier are what consist of defining African American dishes there are still even more dishes today that are considered soul food that have evolved and have been recreated into many more dishes that people never noticed because they have been given a twist in the dish. The history of soul food is what lives on forever because it has created a story for many people such as Sylvia Woods to open up restaurants and shops to share with others, which is what it means to be African American and actually understand it today. Even when hearing the words Black Power it follows up with food and embracement of culture. Soul food, since coming to the United States and expanding to the many new soul food restaurants we may pass by today and see are just a mere representation of how huge African American dishes have become.
My personal relationship to the site is that I have visited Sylvia’s restaurant before about two other times. Both times visiting I felt I left with a learning experience. I learned how much hard work and drive went into building this restaurant as well as all of the achievements that came with it. On the corner street between 126th St and 127th the neighborhood got it declared to put up Sylvia Woods name as an additional street sign. Many came out to support and acknowledge this great day and this was shown as something major for Mrs. Woods because she came to open a restaurant which later became one of the best soul food restaurants in New York, but to also be a way to show what it means to live, breathe and enjoy all the great things that soul food has to offer outside of just a meal.
Piatti-Farnell, Lorna. Food and Culture in Contemporary American Fiction. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
Sandoval, Edgar, Michael J. Feeny, and Helen Kennedy. “Harlem’s ‘Queen of Soul Food’ Sylvia Woods Dies at 86.” NY Daily News. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 July 2012.
By N. S. |
Washington Irving was a writer from the 19th century. His writing included Biographies, satires and short stories. Among his most famous short stories, there is “Rip Van Winkle”, and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”. He also wrote a 5 volume Biography of George Washington, “The Life of George Washington”. He was a well respectful and admired man with great taste. Irving had a romantic view for art and nature. His passion for art and nature lead him to build his beautiful home on Sunnyside in which he resided for many years until his death. You can still visit his home in Tarrytown. “The grounds reflect Washington Irving’s romantic view of art, nature and history. He arranged garden paths, trees and shrubs, vistas, and water features to appear natural, and planted an exotic wisteria vine (still growing) to envelope the house.” (American Gardening)
“The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”, was set in an actual town adding authenticity to the story. Sleepy Hollow is a village located in a town called Mount Pleasant in Westchester County New York near Tarrytown. Tarrytown is where “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” took place. In the late 19th century the town adopted the name Sleepy Hollow after the famous short story and It is rumored that this town is supposedly haunted. Irving lived on Sunnyside and died in this very room, while resting on his chair. The date of his death is November 28, 1859. Irving died at the age of 76. Consequently, he is buried in the cemetery of Sleepy Hollow.
In “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”, we meet Ichabod Crane. Ichabod Crane is not the most appealing man; his looks are compared to a scarecrow so you can just imagine. He comes from Connecticut, New York to Tarrytown and becomes a schoolmaster. Ichabod falls head over heels for Katrina Van Tassel, becoming one of the many rivals for Brom Bones, also known as Abraham. Bones is successful in taking down his many rivals, however, Ichabod is a bit of a challenge and isn’t that easy to get rid of. Ichabod also enjoys the art of music and shares it with the children and many others in the town. Brom Bones, the antagonist of the story, is a prankster. However, a very wise man with great horsemanship. He is known for his good humor and being a hero. He intimidates every man who gets close to Katrina Van Tassel, who is every man’s desire in town. He keeps everyone away from her, every man except Ichabod. This leads Brom to play one the most wised and realistic prank on Ichabod, getting rid of him forever. Ichabod was going home from a party at Katrina’s house, where he was turned down by her. Ichabod is riding his horse home when all of a sudden he is chased by the headless horseman, the horseman seems to be holding something round in his hand, when he then throws it at Ichabod. Ichabod notices the horseman is headless and believes that what was in the horseman’s hand was his head. It hits Ichabod scaring him and causing him to run for his life. The next day what was found next to Ichabod’s hat was a shattered pumpkin. It is obvious that Bones had play a trick on Ichabod to scare him away. Ichabod was never heard from or seen.
In the tour of Washington Irving’s house, Sunnyside, I learned he had a very good friend who was German, who inspired him to write his marvelous tales. Irving makes a connection in the story, as the narrator does mention a German Doctor, “Some say that the place was bewitched by a high German doctor”. (7) Irving was known to be a hopeless romantic he was engaged to a woman by the name of Sarah Matilda Hoffman, who died at the young age of 17. He mourned her death for many years and never married. The town has many touches of romanticism. The paths you take can lead to exactly where certain events in the story took place. The trees and the pond, Irving was obviously fascinated with nature. Despite the railroad right in front of his home which made lots of noise he was able to find tranquility at times. Irving lived with his brother and five nieces for many years. After his death the house was then kept in the family and used as a Summer home. He had a mirror in the dining room so the reflection of the sun can come right into his dining room and he was also able to see the trees and skies while dining. He had an office where he would sit for hours on end writing, he owned a collection of books. Irving was very passionate about life. He appreciated many things others would take for granted. Irving was the first writer to make a living from writing. He struggled with trying to become a lawyer, however, it did not work out for him. Irving frankly enjoyed writing more than anything else. His stories will live forever, especially in the town of Sleepy Hollow.
In the month of October, festivities are held along with haunted attractions. “The story comes to life as the town celebrates the connection the town has with that of Irving’s classic “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”. You can see it for yourself! The headless horseman rides on his horse through the night searching for Ichabod Crane. Ichabod is the main character in this creative, amazing tale. The story is repeatedly told in the spookiest fashion over and over again at Sleepy Hollow. If you are ever in town or are interested in getting to know where the story took place take a journey through the town of Sleepy Hollow. Irving’s classic short story is celebrated elaborately. The town is decorated to perfection, and you can see a lot that’s mentioned in the story. The town has many restaurants that were named after the short story as well. I had lunch at Horse feathers while touring Sleepy Hollow. I was intrigued by the frame hanging on the wall. Irving Clockworks features the headless horseman. And on the frame is a quote from the story. This quote happens to be my favorite! I’ll tell you why in a moment. As you walk through the town you can almost visualize the story vividly. The many landscapes mentioned in the story truly do exist in Tarrytown. The Hudson River, the mill-pond , the valley, the Raven rock. Could it be that “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” has some kind of truth to it? Well, at least I would like to believe it does. Irving does an amazing job in the beginning of the story as he goes describing the amazing landscapes of Tarrytown, “In the bosom of one of those spacious coves which indent the eastern shore of the Hudson, at that broad expansion of the river denominated by the ancient Dutch navigators the Tappan Zee, and where they always prudently shortened sail, and implored the protection of St. Nicholas when they crossed, there lies a small market-town or rural port, which by some is called Greensburg, but which is more generally and properly known by the name of Tarry Town.” (5) The beginning of this quote is on the frame at the restaurant. Washington Irving makes many connections in his book to this town. So much, that the most important scene in the book of the headless horseman takes places by the bridge above the mill-pond. In the beginning and the end of the story Irving mentions the Dutch Church located in Sleepy Hollow, you can take a walk down through the same path Ichabod went when encountering the headless horseman. Washington Irving did an amazing job with this story.